romanian version  Romanian version    


             Snooker is played on a rectangular table with the dimensions of 1,8m x 3,6m. In the lower side of the table there is a white line of 74cm from one rail to the other, that along with te semicircle above with a radius of 29,5cm helps at positionig the inferior coloured balls (yellow, brown, green) at the begining of the game.The semicircle center is situated at the middle of the withe line. There also are smaller tables. The baize is usually green. The table is made of  ardesia plaques.


             The snooker balls are made of sintetic resin, and they are smaller than billiard balls. The official dimensions of the snooker balls are 5,25cm but there are ball sets with dimensions between 5,4cm and 5,72cm. There are 15 red balls, 6 coloured balls (yellow, green, brown, blue, pink, black) and 1 white ball. At the begining of the game the balls are placed on the table according to the following rules: The inferior coloured balls (yellow, green, brown) are placed on the white line in the lower side of the table, the yellow ball is placed where the semicircle intersects the white line on the left, the brown ball in the middle on the center of the semicircle, the green ball where the semicircle intersects the white line on the right. The blue ball is placed on the white dot at the middle of the table, between the two middle pockets. The pink ball is placed on the coresponding white dot in front of the red balls. The black ball is placed on the coresponding white dot behind the red balls. The red balls are placed using the triangle behind the pink ball. The red balls must be placed as near as possible to the pink ball, without touching it.


           The objective of the game is to pocket the red balls and the coloured balls using the white ball. At the begining of the game the white ball is placed in the semicircle. The white ball can be placed anywhere in the semicircle, but most players prefer to place it between the yellow and brown balls or brown and green balls. The player must hit a red ball if he plays at a pocket or not. The order of pocketing the balls is:  The red balls are pocketed followed by a coloured ball, although several red red balls can be pocketed at once. After all the red balls are pocketed the coloured balls are played in order of  their points, from the yellow ball to the black ball. The red balls are worth 1 point each. The coloured balls have diferent points value: yellow ball 2 points, green ball 3 points, brown ball 4 points, blue ball 5 points, pink ball 6 points, black ball 7 points. After a coloured ball pocketed it is repositioned on their place as long as there are red balls on the table. If  the balls place is occupied it is placed on the next spot available in order of  points value. The player that makes the most points according to the rules wins. If there are less points available on the table than the difference between the players, the player with the most points is the mathemathical winner. If the other player returns to the table to try to reduce the points difference with the help of the snooker (safety shot played by a player in order to force the other player to commit a foul), the game continues. If the difference of points is too big than the player with the most points is declared the winner. The player at the table and with points advantage can leave the table and win the frame only if the other player agrees.
             The foul in snooker is realised when a player does something against the rules. If a player fouls the other player gets the points that he is sanctioned. There are several types of fouls: the white ball is pocketed, no ball is hit with the white ball, the selected ball is not hit with the whit ball, pocketing a ball other than the selected ball, hitting a ball whit the cue other than the white ball, a ball falls off the table, touching a ball with something other than the cue, playing a driven shot (the cue, the white ball and the selected ball are in simultaneous movement), playing a jump shot (the white ball jumps over a ball, even if it touches it before hitting the selected ball), playing a shot stretched on the table with both feet of the ground. Fouls have a value between 4 and 7 points. A foul can be realised from a snooker position. If a player fouls and the other player doesn't accept the white ball position he can ask for the remake of the initial position. The remake of the initial position consists in the repositioning of all the balls moved during the shot. A player can make the other player that fouls to play the white ball from its current position in case of a foul and a miss. If a player can't play the shot because of a snooker, he will play the ball, wich he won't hit, and he will be given only a foul and not a miss. When a player leaves the other player in the impossibility to hit a ball on both sides after a foul, the oppenent is given a free-ball (any coloured ball can be played as a red ball with the value of 1 point, followed by a coloured ball with its normal value).
             A miss is when a player doesn't hit the object ball. Foul and a miss is when a player commits a foul and missed the object ball at the same time. In certain foul conditions the maximum break can be bigger the 147 (each of the red balls are pocketed with the black ball, and all the coloured balls are pocketed). If a player is given a free-ball at the begining of the game, and all the 15 red balls are on the table, he can realise a maximum break of 155. The 155 break has never been realised in an official tournament, Jamie Cope did realised one in practice. Breaks of 149 and 148 were realised in official tournaments.